Thai Language

Thai culture needs to be understood from the ethnic traditions of the various peoples who migrated to Thailand to form the Thai culture as we understand it today, it has influences from India through religion and mythology, plus the myths of some of the minorities living in Thailand and animist traditions which continue today. From these traditions we have a Thai culture where belief systems are distinguishable from elsewhere and the themes of these are reflected in the performing arts of music and dance, in the art forms of woodwork, sculpture, murals, pottery and bronze and significantly in architecture forms and decorations, both in the past and continuing in new buildings today. Most importantly, Thai culture is significant in the behavior, customs and beliefs of the Thai people today.
Standard Thai, also known as Central Thai or Bangkok Thai, is the official, national language of Thailand. It is spoken by around eighty percent of the sixty million residents of the country. It is taught in all schools and is used for most television broadcasts. There are also three other major dialects: southern, northern and northeastern (also referred to as “isaan”). Since Standard Thai is widely understood in all regions, the language taught in Pre-Service Training (PST) will be Standard Thai.
Most Thai words are monosyllabic. More complex words are generally formed by combining two monosyllabic words. There are, however, some polysyllabic words. These words are usually borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, English, and other languages that cannot be broken down into monosyllabic components. The population of Thai language users
According to UNSD Demographic Statistics, United Nations Statistics Division, the population is mostly rural, concentrated in the rice-growing areas of the central, northeastern, and northern regions. However, as Thailand continues to industrialize, its urban population–31.6% of total population, principally in the Bangkok area–is growing. This core population includes the central Thai (33.7% of this population, including Bangkok), northeastern Thai (34.2%), northern Thai (18.8%), and southern Thai (13.3%). Ethnic Malay Muslims comprise a majority in the southernmost provinces.
Up to 14% of Thailand’s population is of Chinese descent, but the Sino-Thai community is the best integrated in Southeast Asia. Malay and Yawi-speaking Muslims of the south comprise another significant minority group (2.3%). Other groups include the Khmer; the Mon, who are substantially assimilated with the Thai; and the Vietnamese. Smaller mountain-dwelling tribes, such as the Hmong and Mein, as well as the Karen, number about 788,024. Some 300,000 Hmong, who ironically have lived this area for more generations than the Thais themselves, received citizenship by 2010. Thailand is also home to a significant number of registered foreigners from Asia, Europe, and North America, as well as an estimated several hundred thousand illegal immigrants, some of which are natives. Increasing numbers of migrants from Burma, Laos, and Cambodia as well as nations such as Nepal, India, and expats from the West and Japan.
Thailand : Gateway to Indochina
According to “The Trade Fair Industry of Asia 8th Edition, 2012” reported by the Global Association of the Exhibition Industry (UFI), it is shown that in 2011, Thailand’s exhibition industry in 2011 was ranked the first in ASEAN and ranked 8th in Asia in terms of estimated net square metres sold of 462,500 sq. m. Growth was clearly highest in south-east Asia in 2011. The exhibition markets in Thailand expanded by 6.9% from 2010. Despite expected economic weakness in the U.S. and Europe, the Asian exhibition industry to be driven in large part by driven in large part by increased intra-Asian trade.
Seen from a Market potential perspective it is important as there are approximately 80 million speakers of Thai language.
Translation into and from Thai is important if you wish to work with the Thai market. Chambers translations www.chamberstranslations.com has an experienced team of Thai translators who can assist you if you wish to target the Thai market.

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